“Mars”, also known as the red planet, is regarded as one of the most interesting planets that human is much curious about to explore. It is one that holds the most pressing speculation of the existence of life. Closed to earth, fourth from the sun, and due to its cold weather, this is the center of exploration for many countries. In fact, Mar’s is full of mystery. So, here, we are bringing some of such facts that scientists have revealed so far.
You Could Leap Three Times Higher on Mars than on Earth
Mars is about half the diameter of the earth, almost 15% of the Earth’s volume and 10% of the Earth’s mass. When compared with gravity, Mars surface gravity is 37% of the Earth’s which means you could jump three times higher on Mars than that of Earth.
Mars has the tallest mountain, Two Times than Mount Everest
Olympus Mons on Mars is the tallest mountain in the solar system, in fact; it is two times higher than Mount Everest. It is 21km high and 600km in diameter. It is actually a shield volcano that has been formed over billions of years. Many scientists still believe that volcanic lava flows are still active even after so many years.
Only 18 Missions to Mars Have Been Successful So Far
There are 40 missions including orbiters, landers, and rovers sent to Mars by 14 September 2014; in which only 18 missions have succeeded so far. The most recent mission was Mars Curiosity sent in 2012 and the MAVEN mission that was sent on September 22, 2014, followed by MOM, the ISRO which was sent to Mars orbiters on September 24, 2014. The next mission was European Space Agency’s ExoMars mission that includes an orbiter, lander, and a rover, followed by NASA’s InSight robotic lander mission, launched in March 2016.
Largest Dust Storms in the Solar System Has Been Found On Mars
The largest dust storm has been found on mars that can cover the entire planet and last for months. Because of its elliptical (oval-shaped) orbital path around the Sun, the duration is longer than the storm found in any other planet.
The Sun Appears Doubles on Earth Than It Does on Mars
On Mars sun appears to be half of the size than it does on the earth. The reason for that is the Martian southern hemisphere is the closest point to the Sun that causes intense hot, whereas the northern hemisphere is the farthest point from the Sun that causes cold. Similarly, the Martian northern hemisphere is closest to the Sun that causes a long summer whereas, the southern hemisphere farthest point from the sun that causes the long winter season.
Pieces of Mars Have Been Found on Earth.
Scientists have found tiny pieces of Mars, precisely meteorites residual ejected from Mars millions of years ago. It is believed meteorites residual ejected from Mars than start orbiting in the solar system, and due to phenomenal occurrence, it reached on earth surface when Mars is the closest to the earth. It took millions of years to crash landing on Earth. This gave the prior benefits to the scientists before launching space missions to Mars.
Mars, its Name Derived From Roman God of War.
Greeks regard Mars as their “God of War” they kept the same name to this planet because of its red color similar to the human blood. Indeed, Mars’s name was derived due to its red color and this is because the rock and dust covering its surface are rich in iron.
There Is Evidence of Water on Mars.
For years, it has been believed to have been water on Mars in the form of ice. The first sign of trickling water as dark stripes or stains on the crater wall and cliffs has been seen through the satellite images. The water is believed to be salty due to the Mars environment; Salt prevents water from freezing or vaporizing.
Mars Will Become Ring Planet One Day
Scientists believe that in the next 20-40 million years Mars’ will become a ring planet. The gravitational forces will tear apart the largest moon Phobos that will consequently lead to the creation of a ring. This state probably would last up to the next 100 million years.